Dairy Reports

Reports from CoBank Knowledge Exchange focusing on the dairy industry.

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US Dairy Processors Must Be Versatile to Compete in Southeast Asia
June 2021

Over the past decade, U.S. milk production has increased by an average annual growth rate of 1.5% while domestic demand has increased at a slightly slower pace.

Dollar Divergence: US Dollar Index Does Not Reflect True Dollar Impact on US Ag Exports
February 2021

The U.S. Dollar Index saw rapid deflation in 2020 and has coincided with a rally in commodity prices. 

When the Pandemic Breaks Milk Prices: A Study in Returning to Normal
December 2020

The pandemic in 2020 caused unprecedented market volatility in dairy prices, leading to lower milk checks for dairy producers. However, the price spread is expected to realign in the first half of 2021, bringing normalcy to producer price differentials and mailbox milk prices.

Interest in California Dairy Manure Methane Digesters Follows the Money
August 2020

California’s 1.4 million dairy cows are the largest source of methane in the state, and the biggest concentration of dairy-related methane in the country. 

Dairy Supply Chains Adapt as Consumers React to COVID-19
July 2020

After several weeks enduring various “safer at home” edicts, life with COVID-19 for many U.S. consumers has meant adjusting their consumption habits.

How the California Dairy Industry is Faring Under its New FMMO
July 2019

On Nov. 1, 2018, the U.S. Department of Agriculture took over the role of managing California’s milk pricing system from the California Department of Food and Agriculture when the Golden State became Order 51 in the Federal Milk Marketing Order system. 

Consumers Calling the Shots: Desire for Transparency is Reshaping Dairy Supply Chains
January 2019

A dwindling share of the U.S. workforce is engaged in agriculture and the population as a whole is becoming further removed from the farm. As the population moves toward urban centers and consumers become more affluent, a disconnect widens between those producing food and those consuming it. 

A New Era of Dairy Price Cycles: Structural Change Ahead in the Dairy Industry
October 2018

Consolidation on dairy farms in the U.S. has driven the industry into what may be a new era of longer, more drawn out price cycles. 

Competition is Reshaping the Milk Business
June 2018

Consumption of traditional cow’s milk as a beverage has been declining for decades due to lifestyle changes and cultural shifts that have led to fewer occasions at which Americans drink milk. Meanwhile, plant-based alternatives made from soy, almond, pea and a myriad of other non-mammalian sources have surged in recent years.

Automatic Milking Systems: Keeping Smaller Dairies in the Game
March 2018

Automation and robotics have made their way into milking parlors across Europe, Canada, and most recently the U.S. These technologies are helping sustain small and medium sized farms and relieve some labor challenges and costs; but for now, they are not a clear financial home-run for most.

Mutual Benefit: JVs with Foreign Dairy Companies on the Rise
February 2018

As the dairy industry evolves and modernizes, the processing sector has become increasingly capital intensive. At the same time, high-quality, reliable milk supply, manufacturing expertise, and strong branding and marketing are more important than ever to compete in the global marketplace.

EU and US to Vie for Growing Global Dairy Markets
December 2017

While all exporters will benefit from global demand growth, the EU, with its years of global marketing experience, stands to extend its reach the furthest into these markets. Barring a major shift in the U.S. to a global marketing focus, the EU will seek to capture greater market share.

Dairy Processors Race to Keep Pace with Milk Production
August 2017

Unlike other agricultural commodities, the perishability of milk requires that it be processed almost immediately after being produced. Dairy processors are faced with the challenge of handling an ever-growing supply of milk, while anticipating the right product mix to meet consumer demand.

The US Organic Dairy Industry – Booming Demand with Room to Grow
April 2017

Organic milk has experienced significant growth despite having among the highest price premiums over its conventional (non-organic) counterpart. Milk had the highest sales of any certified organic commodity in 2015 at $1.174 billion and represents about 21 percent of all agricultural organic sales.